Daily Current Affairs – 14 Sept 2019

Daily Current AffairsGS one MAITREE EXERCISE Part of: GS Prelims and GS-II – International Affairs In News Joint Military Exercise MAITREE-2019 between India and Thailand will be conducted at Umroi (Meghalaya) from 16-29 Sep 2019. Exercise MAITREE is an annual training event which is being conducted alternatively in Thailand and India since 2006. The scope of this exercise covers company level joint training on counter terrorism operations in jungle and urban scenario. The joint
military exercise will enhance the level of defence co-operation between
Indian Army (IA) and Royal Thailand Army (RTA) which in turn will
further foster defence cooperation and bilateral relations between the
two nations Salmonella Part of: GS Prelims and Mains GS-II- Health In News MDH sambar
masala were recalled from retail stores in California after tests by
the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) showed positive for
salmonella. Salmonella is a group of bacteria that can cause food-borne illnesses known as salmonellosis Individuals
who develop salmonellosis may show symptoms such as nausea, diarrhoea,
fever, and abdominal cramps 12-72 hours after contracting the
infection. In some cases the diarrhoea
is severe, and there is risk of it spreading from the intestines to the
bloodstream and to other parts of the body. In such cases, the
infection (enteric fever) may result in death if the infected individual
is not treated with antibiotics on time. According
to estimates by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC),
Salmonella causes 1.2 million illnesses, 23,000 hospitalisations and
about 450 deaths in the United States every year. WHO identifies Salmonella as one of four key global causes of diarrhoeal diseases. Salmonellosis
in humans is generally contracted through the consumption of
contaminated food of animal origin (mainly eggs, meat, poultry, and
milk), although other foods, including green vegetables contaminated by
manure, have been implicated in its transmission. Jan Soochna Portal Part of: GS Prelims and Mains GS-II – RTI In News The
first-ever public information portal was launched in Rajasthan – named
Jan Soochna Portal – to provide information about government authorities
and departments suo motu to the public This is in lines with true spirit of the Right To Information Act, which calls for voluntary disclosure of information by government authorities The portal
initially gives information pertaining to 13 departments – such as the
number of beneficiaries of schemes, works undertaken in different areas,
land records and social security pensions — will be available on the
portal With
different sections divided into districts, blocks and panchayats, the
portal empowers the common people with access to useful information,
without the need to file RTI application. The portal would eventually turn out to be an effective medium for “digital dialogue” with the people as well as a strong instrument for ensuring transparency in governance The portal has brought yet another distinction to Rajasthan, where the RTI movement had started in 1990s. SAHIBGANJ MULTI-MODAL TERMINAL (MMT) Part of: GS Prelims and Mains GS-III -Economy In News PM Modi inaugurated the second riverine Multi-Modal Transport Terminal at Sahibganj, Jharkhand It has been constructed on River Ganga (NW-1) under the Jal Marg Vikas Project under the PPP model. Acting as a point of convergence for Road-Rail-River routes, Sahibganj MMT is strategically located in the logistic chain of Eastern Transport Corridor of India. The MMT will specially benefit the coal sector, stone chips, fertiliser, cement and sugar industries in the states Jharkhand and Bihar by connecting them to global markets. It will also provide alternate route for Nepal bound cargo and open up international markets for sea trade for land locked states of Jharkhand and Bihar. The terminal will be connected to North-East States via Bangladesh by a river-sea route. This is
the second riverine multi-modal terminal in the country, the first has
been built in Varanasi and was inaugurated in November, 2018. Tabrez Ansari case Context: Lynching
has assumed a rising trend in recent times – Dadri lynching case of cow
slaughtering, Jharkhand Lynching case and recent Tabrez Ansari case. Recent Police decision of dropping charges against those accused of lynching Tabrez Ansari is a cause of concern. Lynching is one of the ways used by majority to intimidate the minority sections of the society. Contemporary issues There have been many incidences of Mob Lynching Incidents of gang-rapes (especially Dalits) Freedom and Fundamental Rights of J&K people were suppressed Inefficient NRC process Atrocities towards minorities Major Concerns: Lynching
is not defined in the Indian legal system and there are no punishments
with regards to lynching thus giving a free way to hate crime
perpetrators India’s criminal justice system has always been biased against disadvantaged castes, women and Muslims There is open bias of the criminal justice system (as visible in recent mob lynching case of Tabrez Ansari) Tolerance of the open and profound injustice done to “other people” Increasingly dominant behavioural and socio-psychological trends Violation of right to equality and the right to freedom; Right to life The judiciary—the bulwark of a liberal democratic state—has not always played its role adequately Weak response by the state Conclusion: Lynching is an egregious manifestation of prejudice, intolerance, and contempt towards the rule of law. The strategic silence of the State and the ineffective law and order machinery has further given legitimacy to mob lynching. It is high
time that the States and the Centre show some urgency so that creeping
threats are prevented from metastasizing into an out-of-control monster. The biased outcome of the lynching case must concern us all. As Martin Luther King quoted – “Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere.” Quote from the article: “Freedom
is indivisible; the chains on any one of my people were the chains on
all of them, the chains on all of my people were the chains on me.” – Nelson Mandela Note: We can use above quote in essays or while answering questions related to Freedom, Minority rights/issues and Oppression. Value Addition: Nelson Mandela in his speech on freedom said above words, “freedom is indivisible”. According to him, ‘Freedom’ is an abstract idea, which is unable to be divided or separated. Mandela as a child used to believe he is always free and in everywhere. But as grew up, he felt the chains of oppression. Freedom
can’t be seen rather it is felt. It is like the air. Mandela realized
not only he was suppressed, barred but also his people were too. Even
the oppressor and oppressed both were suffering from the lack of
freedom, according to him. Connecting the dots: Lynching
by mobs has become a recurring phenomenon in India. What can be the
possible factors behind this trend? Examine. Also suggest ways to
address it. ENVIRONMENT/BIO DIVERSITY TOPIC: General Studies 3: Environment
and Ecology, Bio diversity – Conservation, environmental degradation,
environmental impact assessment, Environment versus Development. Land Reforms in India. Conservation, Environmental Pollution and Degradation, Environmental Impact Assessment Afforestation – Step towards green initiative Context: India has committed to restoring 26 million hectares of degraded land by 2030. It proposes to create a carbon sink of close to three billion metric tonnes through additional tree cover. At UN
Convention to Combat Climate Change, Prime Minister Narendra Modi
committed to reduce carbon emission by planning afforestation programs
in India. According to a recent study from Centre for Science and Environment – Soil degradation causes more carbon emission compared to any other activity indicating the need to restore the soil. Soil stores three times more carbon than that of atmosphere. Focus should be on reducing carbon sink with intensive afforestation programs. Right tree species with better forestry measures is a centre point of focus. Concerns: ‘Carbon credit markets’ have failed to generate funds for the developing world World countries have moved from regime of mandatory commitments (as part of 1997 Kyoto Protocol) to voluntary ones (under the 2015 Paris accord). This shift has negatively impacted carbon credit markets. Developing
countries like India were issued carbon emission reduction certificates
(which were bought by EU countries for funding clean projects).
However, these certificates were often underpriced and were accorded to
wrong projects, and hence failed to positively reduce carbon
emission/carbon credits. Global
funding for afforestation — Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and
Degradation plus conservation, sustainable management of forests, and
enhancement of forest carbon stocks (REDD+) — failed to provide accurate carbon pricing and negotiate rights of traditional communities. The way ahead: A multilateral body just for funding green initiatives must be set up. Step towards green initiatives – such as policy push to solar power and the efforts to shift to EVs – should be accelerated. Policy focus should be mainly on afforestation (through effective implementation of CAMPA) Compensatory Afforestation Management and Planning Authority (CAMPA) Started from Supreme Court of India in 2002. This is the amount paid by the developers who have utilized the forest lands for their construction work/projects. Ensures that the destroyed forest land is restored by regenerating the forest trees elsewhere in non-forest areas. Conclusion: Last
November UNEP released a report on ‘emissions gap’ which indicated the
global carbon emission reached its highest in 2017 after 3 years of
stagnation. As the soil emits more carbon than any other sources, steps has to be taken to reduce carbon emission from soil. Afforestation is a crucial measure to combat carbon emission there by helping green initiative movement. Connecting the dots: What do you mean by Emission Trading Scheme (ETS)? Does India need one? Discuss. What is the National REDD+ strategy? What are its objectives? Explain. #GSone


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